Fact Check

How Serious Is the Security Threat of 'Juice-Jacking'?

The FBI's Denver office and the Federal Communications Commission reissued warnings about "juice-jacking" in early April 2023.

Published Apr 12, 2023

Updated Apr 12, 2023
 (Isabel Pavia/Getty Images)
Image Via Isabel Pavia/Getty Images
Cybercriminals are using public USB ports in places like airports and hotels to introduce malware and monitoring software onto users' devices, posing a serious security threat.
What's True

According to government agencies, "juice-jacking" is a real security threat. The FBI’s Denver Office and the Federal Communications Commission (FCC) warned travelers in April 2023 about the potential dangers of using public charging stations.

What's Undetermined

While it is technically possible for criminals to steal information and/or install malware via public USB ports, no evidence has been presented that the practice is widespread.

On April 6, 2023, FBI's Denver office issued a warning about "juice-jacking," a form of cyber attack in which information is stolen by installing malware on a person's phone or other portable device via a public USB port.

"Avoid using free charging stations in airports, hotels or shopping centers," warned the FBI's Denver office wrote in a tweet. "Bad actors have figured out ways to use public USB ports to introduce malware and monitoring software onto devices. Carry your own charger and USB cord and use an electrical outlet instead."

(FBI Denver/Twitter)

Five days later, the Federal Communications Commission (FCC) did the same. "Think twice before using public charging stations," the FCC tweeted on April 11, 2023. "Hackers could be waiting to gain access to your personal information by installing malware and monitoring software to your devices. This scam is referred to as juice jacking." The FCC also provided a link to its page about the warning.

The warnings were carried widely by the news media

But neither the FBI nor the FCC provided any figures about how widespread the threat was. Nor did they explain why they thought it fit to reissue the warning. Snopes did a fact-check on a similar warning from the Los Angeles County District Attorney's Office in 2019 and found no evidence that the cyber threat was widespread at that time. 

Snopes reached out to both the FBI and the FCC to request data about how widespread the threat of juice-jacking is in 2023. The FBI replied that its tweet was a "standard PSA-type post" that stemmed from the FCC warning. An FCC spokesperson told Snopes that the commission wanted to make sure that their advisory on "juice-jacking," first issued in 2019 and later updated in 2021, was up-to-date so as to ensure "the consumers have the most up-to-date information." The official, who requested anonymity, added that they had not seen any rise in instances of consumer complaints about "juice-jacking." 


FBI Issues Warning about "Juice Jacking" When Using Free Cell Phone Charging Kiosks. 11 Apr. 2023, https://www.cbsnews.com/philadelphia/news/fbi-issue-warning-about-juice-jacking-when-using-free-cell-phone-charging-kiosks/.

"Juice Jacking: FBI Warns against Using Free Charging Stations at Airports, Hotels, Shopping Centers." ABC7 New York, 10 Apr. 2023, https://abc7ny.com/juice-jacking-fbi-warning-free-charging-station-is-safe/13109848/.

"Juice Jacking": The Dangers of Public USB Charging Stations. https://www.fcc.gov/juice-jacking-dangers-public-usb-charging-stations. Accessed 12 Apr. 2023.


Updated [April 12, 2023]: Added comments from the FBI and FCC.

Damakant Jayshi is a former writer for Snopes.