On 30 August 2010, a 62-year-old man named Thomas Richard Cowan entered Sullivan Central High School in Blountville, Tennessee, armed with two handguns and confronted the school's principal, pointing one of the weapons at her head. After a receptionist who observed the confrontation sounded an alert, a Sullivan Co. Sheriffs Deputy named Carolyn Gudger who was stationed at the school as a resource officer arrived at the scene and held Cowan at bay until more deputies arrived and shot him:
Central dispatch received a call reporting a gunman in the school at 9:15 a.m. Save a student or two who were arriving late, and school principal Melanie Riden, the front entranceway and hall were relatively empty.
According to Dr. Jubal Yennie, Sullivan County director of schools, entrances are locked at that time, and it's unclear how Cowan made entry. Sheriff Wayne Anderson said Cowan was "irate," and immediately pointed a .380-caliber, semi-automatic handgun at Riden's head.
A receptionist in an adjacent office saw the confrontation, according to sheriff's officials, and immediately alerted students and staff of a lockdown. At that point, Sheriff Anderson says, School Resource Officer Carolyn Gudger entered the lobby and drew her gun.
Gudger pushed Riden behind her and toward the nearby cafeteria, allowing her to escape to safety.
"There's no doubt that Carolyn Gudger probably saved (Riden's) life at that point," Anderson says.
An intense standoff followed with Cowan refusing to relinquish his weapon.
All the while, police say, Gudger continued speaking with Cowan, slowly inching him away from the front foyer, cafeteria and office. She then entered an unoccupied science pod area with Cowan following.
According to police, two nerve-wracking minutes had passed since the initial call to 911, and several more minutes lapsed before deputies could make entry to the location. Patrolman Sam Matney and Lt. Steve Williams entered the school from different areas — converging on the science pod to join Gudger and Cowan's standoff.
When ordered to drop his weapon, Cowan pointed his gun toward the new officers on the scene and then back at Gudger, Sheriff Anderson says, which prompted the three officers to open fire.
Cowan was airlifted to a nearby hospital, where he was pronounced dead.
Along with the weapon Cowan was wielding, police discovered a loaded .25-caliber handgun in his back pocket.
Since Cowan died of his injuries, he could provide no explanation about why he showed up at Sullivan High brandishing a gun that day in August 2010. According to news accounts, by then he had a long history of unstable and threatening behavior:
No one can say why Cowan drove his old Honda to the school, eight miles from home, and walked to the doors with the aid of a cane.
It was his second trip to the school that day. He arrived early in the morning and Principal Melanie Riden shooed him away, said Kristin Helm, spokeswoman for the Tennessee Bureau of Investigation. But he returned at 9:15 a.m., two hours after the first bell, with one loaded gun in his hand and another in his back pocket.
Cowan's wife left him in 1992, according to court records. By the time their divorce was finalized the next year, he'd begun his career as a nuisance to the Kingsport Police Department. First, he reported a robbery at his house in October 1992. Someone broke in through the back door, he told police, and stole $495 worth of microwave ovens, telephones, clocks, planters and NASCAR collectibles. He suspected his wife, who'd just left him. She told police that he "orchestrated the break in to complicate matters pertaining to their marriage." Around the same time, Cowan went to her house across town and threw all her clothes into the driveway.
At some point police went to his home and he greeted them on the lawn with a gun in his pocket, according to police reports. Then in February 2000, he arrived at the Kingsport Justice Center with a loaded .380-caliber Jennings handgun in his waistband and no permit to carry it. He told police the gun "was for his protection." He was convicted of carrying illegal weapons, sentenced to a year of probation and ordered by the court to undergo a mental evaluation and counseling.
He did neither. Months later, Cowan was arrested for stalking at least two newspaper carriers. The arresting officer insisted he be forced to have a psychological evaluation, but still he did not. The case was dismissed.
By October 2001, he'd been banned from the convenience store around the corner from his house, then charged with trespassing, for cursing and threatening customers and employees with his cane.
He has a brother, Rodney Cowan, who works at Sullivan Central High School. He is, as far as anyone can tell, Cowan's only connection to the school.
Every preventative claim is by nature somewhat speculative, because we can't know for sure what would have happened in the absence of intervention. But as much as one could estimate, Carolyn Gudger almost certainly saved one or more lives by her actions that day.