On Dec. 14, 2022, Twitter owner Elon Musk tweeted that his son, who is named X Æ A-12, had been stalked the night before by a driver in Los Angeles. He blamed a man named Jack Sweeney, the owner of the Twitter account @elonjet, who had tracked Musk's private jet and posted its present whereabouts in real time. This information purportedly provided the location to the person named in Musk's tweet to be a "crazy stalker."
Sweeney's jet-tracking account and his personal account were both banned following Musk's allegations of the incident in L.A.
In this story, we'll lay out everything we know about the allegations of stalking and "doxxing," as well as other developments that occurred as a result of this news.
The 'Crazy Stalker' Allegations
Musk's Dec. 14 tweet read, "Last night, car carrying lil X in LA was followed by crazy stalker (thinking it was me), who later blocked car from moving & climbed onto hood." He added, "Legal action is being taken against Sweeney & organizations who supported harm to my family."
Musk tweeted a video of the alleged stalker, who was driving a Hyundai-brand car.
On Dec. 15, the Los Angeles Police Department (LAPD) issued a statement saying that no crime reports had been filed yet. We independently confirmed that the LAPD statement was still accurate as of Dec. 16.
The statement read, "LAPD's Threat Management Unit is aware of the situation and Tweet by Elon Musk and is in contact with his representatives and security team. No crime reports have been filed yet."
As for the bans of Sweeney's @elonjet handle and his personal account, Musk said, "Any account doxxing real-time location info of anyone will be suspended, as it is a physical safety violation. This includes posting links to sites with real-time location info."
Merriam-Webster defines the word "dox" as, "to publicly identify or publish private information about (someone) especially as a form of punishment or revenge."
A common understanding of doxxing is when a list of someone's personal information is published online, including known physical addresses where the person might live and work, as well as phone numbers, email addresses, and sometimes even the same details about family members and close friends.
In a series of tweets, Musk asked users what the account punishment policies should be for doxxing. "What should the consequence of doxxing someone's real-time, exact location be? Assume your child is at that location, as mine was," he tweeted.
He also added, "Accounts engaged in doxxing receive a temporary 7 day suspension."
Were Musk's Jet Details Public Information?
One of the discussion points on Twitter that resulted from all of this news was whether Sweeney's tracking of Musk's jet used publicly available information to do so.
"My plane is actually not trackable without using non-public data," Musk tweeted.
Podcaster Tim Pool tweeted that Sweeney "was not posting public information" when he published the location of Musk's private jet. "Elon had a 'PIA' which seeks to protect the privacy of entities using private aircraft," Pool said. Musk concurred, replying to Pool with, "Correct."
According to the U.S. Federal Aviation Administration (FAA) website, "PIA" referred to Privacy ICAO Address programs, which "enable interested aircraft owners to request an alternate, temporary ICAO aircraft address, which will not be assigned to the owner in the Civil Aviation Registry (CAR)." ICAO is an acronym for the International Civil Aviation Organization.
Pool also claimed that one past tweet from Sweeney, which we archived, showed that he had "bragged" he could "write software" to get around the location privacy that was purportedly afforded to Musk's jet by the FAA program.
We reached out to Sweeney and the FAA to clarify these matters. In an email to the FAA, we showed them the claims in Pool's tweets. The FAA provided only this in a statement: "A flight can be tracked in ways such as a Freedom of Information Act request, flightradar24.com, flightaware.com, liveatc.com, ADSB Exchange, or a frequently departed airport." We did not receive a response from Sweeney.
CNN journalist Donie O'Sullivan was one of the reporters who was permanently suspended. O'Sullivan had previously published the LAPD statement on Twitter prior to being banned.
Musk tweeted on the same evening, "Same doxxing rules apply to 'journalists' as to everyone else." He followed up that tweet by claiming, "They posted my exact real-time location, basically assassination coordinates, in (obvious) direct violation of Twitter terms of service." As The Associated Press noted, Musk provided no evidence for this claim.
Reuters reported that Twitter had updated its policy on Dec. 14 that prohibited the sharing of "live location information." According to the relevant section of the policy page, this included "information shared on Twitter directly or links to 3rd-party URL(s) of travel routes, actual physical location, or other identifying information that would reveal a person's location, regardless if this information is publicly available."
The reporting also shared more information about other journalists who received bans on the same night as O'Sullivan.
The accounts of Times reporter Ryan Mac (@rmac18), CNN reporter Donie O'Sullivan (@donie), and Mashable reporter Matt Binder @MattBinder were also suspended, as was that of independent journalist Aaron Rupar (@atrupar), who covers U.S. policy and politics.
Mac recently posted a number of Twitter threads on the @elonjet suspension and interviewed Jack Sweeney, the 20-year-old operator of the account.
A spokesperson for The New York Times called the suspensions "questionable and unfortunate. Neither The Times nor Ryan have received any explanation about why this occurred. We hope that all of the journalists' accounts are reinstated and that Twitter provides a satisfying explanation for this action."
CNN said it had asked Twitter for an explanation on the suspensions and would reevaluate its relationship with the platform based on that response.
On the evening of Dec. 15, Musk participated in a Twitter Spaces audio discussion in which some journalists who had been banned were still able to participate, apparently due to a bug. During the discussion, banned journalist Drew Harwell with The Washington Post confronted Musk about the developments.
The moment was recorded and uploaded in a tweet by @ForeverEversley.
'Free Speech Absolutist'
After being banned, O'Sullivan said in an interview on CNN that he had not posted the live location of Musk's jet, but had simply tweeted "stories about what was happening" in relation to Sweeney's accounts being shut down.
"I think the bigger issue here is, of course, this is supposed to be the guy who is the free speech absolutist," O'Sullivan added.
For example, in April 2022, Musk tweeted, "I hope that even my worst critics remain on Twitter, because that is what free speech means."
Following the stalking allegations and the banning of journalists, he added, "Criticizing me all day long is totally fine, but doxxing my real-time location and endangering my family is not."
@cliffordlevy. Twitter, https://twitter.com/cliffordlevy/status/1603570954810146816.
@CNNPR. Twitter, https://twitter.com/cnnpr/status/1603579612612665344.
"CNN's Donie O'Sullivan Explains Why Musk Banned His Twitter Account." CNN.com, 16 Dec. 2022, https://www.cnn.com/videos/media/2022/12/16/twitter-suspends-accounts-journalists-elon-musk-donie-ac360-vpx.cnn.
Definition of DOX. https://www.merriam-webster.com/dictionary/dox.
@elonmusk. Twitter, https://twitter.com/elonmusk/.
"Equip ADS-B." U.S. Federal Aviation Administration, https://www.faa.gov/air_traffic/technology/equipadsb.
@ForeverEversley. Twitter, https://twitter.com/forevereversley/.
Google Cache. https://webcache.googleusercontent.com.
"Limiting Aircraft Data Displayed (LADD)." U.S. Federal Aviation Administration (FAA), https://www.faa.gov/pilots/ladd.
"Media Relations Division." LAPD Online, https://www.lapdonline.org/public-communications-group/media-relations-division/.
Moye, David. "Listen To How Elon Musk Reacts When Confronted By Journalists He Suspended." HuffPost, 16 Dec. 2022, https://www.huffpost.com/entry/elon-musk-twitter-spaces-suspended-journalists_n_639ca0bfe4b0e2fa1a442a76.
O'Brien, Matt. "Twitter Suspends Journalists Who Wrote about Owner Elon Musk." The Associated Press, 16 Dec. 2022, https://apnews.com/article/elon-musk-technology-business-social-media-647b3b9d5961da3cd8bd0c0041d05b49.
Rella, Emily. "'Crazy Stalker' Goes After Elon Musk's Son in Creepy Clip." Entrepreneur, 16 Dec. 2022, https://www.entrepreneur.com/business-news/crazy-stalker-goes-after-elon-musks-son-in-creepy-clip/441315.
Reuters. "Twitter Suspends Several Journalists, Musk Cites 'doxxing' of His Jet." Reuters, 16 Dec. 2022, https://www.reuters.com/technology/twitter-suspends-accounts-several-journalists-2022-12-16/.
Silberling, Amanda. "Elon Jet, the Twitter Account Tracking Elon Musk's Flights, Was Permanently Suspended." TechCrunch, 14 Dec. 2022, https://techcrunch.com/2022/12/14/elon-jet-the-twitter-account-tracking-elon-musks-flights-was-permanently-suspended/.
@Timcast. Twitter, https://twitter.com/timcast/.
Twitter's Private Information Policy and Doxxing | Twitter Help. https://help.twitter.com/en/rules-and-policies/personal-information.
Yee, Gregory. "Elon Musk Claims 'Crazy Stalker' Followed His Son but Hasn't Reported It to LAPD, Cops Say." Los Angeles Times, 16 Dec. 2022, https://www.latimes.com/california/story/2022-12-15/elon-musks-stalker-incident-no-police-report-lapd-says.