Fact Check

The ManBeef Hoax

Once upon a time, there was website called ManBeef.com that advertised "human meat" and detailed instructions on how to prepare it for consumption.

Published Apr 19, 2001

Updated Oct 6, 2022
 (ManBeef.com via Internet Archive)
Image Via ManBeef.com via Internet Archive
Claim:
A website called ManBeef.com authentically advertised real human meat for purchase.

Fact Check

Yes, the ManBeef.com website that sprang to life in 2001 was quite slick and nicely laid out for its time, and chock full of background information, sales pitches, recipes for human meat, and even company T-shirts for sale. Yes, one may even have heard a "representative" from ManBeef discussing (through a voice changer, because of the "death threats" he claimed he received) their products on a local talk radio program. And yes, it was nothing but a hoax.

ManBeef.com
Courtesy of the Internet Archive

Cannibalism is undoubtedly the strongest taboo in modern society, and in a country where most people turn up their noses in digust at the thought of eating horsemeat or duck eggs, the sales potential for human meat is negligible. Aside from that pesky marketing problem, however, is the inconvenient fact that it simply isn't legal to sell human flesh for consumption (by other humans or anything else) anywhere in the United States (or to export it out of the USA), no matter how "fresh" or carefully packaged it may be. (The recent scares over Mad Cow Disease have led people to object to the practice of feeding livestock ground-up parts of other livestock, so the notion of humans eating other humans just isn't going to fly.)

The Food Safety and Inspection Service, under the aegis of the United States Department of Agriculture, is the agency tasked with the inspection of meat sold in or exported from the USA:

Under the Federal Meat Inspection Act and the Poultry Products Inspection Act, FSIS inspects all raw meat and poultry sold in interstate and foreign commerce, including imported products. The Agency monitors meat and poultry products after they leave federally inspected plants.

In addition, FSIS monitors state inspection programs, which inspect meat and poultry products sold only within the state in which they were produced. The 1967 Wholesome Meat Act and the 1968 Wholesome Poultry Products Act require state inspection programs to be "at least equal to" the Federal inspection program. If states choose to end their inspection program or cannot maintain this standard, FSIS must assume responsibility for inspection within that state.

When we queried the USDA about the possibility of purchasing a few "people chops" from ManBeef.com, they responded:

It is definitely a hoax and you are right, it is illegal to sell human meat, by absence of legality. In other words, meat and poultry to be sold must be inspected by a federal authority. For example, to sell beef it must have the USDA inspection seal on it. If that seal is not on the meat, it can't be sold. Food that is not under USDA inspection, like alligator, must be inspected by the FDA. It is illegal for any restaurant or store to sell food without federal inspection. Federal compliance officers routinely inspect restaurants and grocery stores to ensure that the food that they sell has the required inspection stamps on them.

Needless to say, neither the FDA nor the USDA does — or ever has — approved the sale of human meat in the USA or its export to other countries. (That latter part puts the kibosh on the ManBeef hoaxsters' dodge that "the company's main market is Asia and the Middle East." In fact, an Arabic newspaper in Sudan was shut down for two days merely for printing an article about ManBeef, a topic considered "offending to the public taste.")

Of course, pesky facts about the non-legality of selling human meat didn't really cut into ManBeef's "sales," since you couldn't actually order anything from the website (other than T-shirts and coffee mugs) because, they claimed:

We do this, because we prefer to deal with our customers on a more personal basis. Because we are so focused on customer service and customer satisfaction, we do not wish to lose all contact with our customers. Because we cater to a select group of clientele, we find it better to deal directly with our customers.

We also do not sell products directly off of our website because we would be unable to meet the demand of thousands of orders per day. Because the supply of high quality human meat is limited, we have to limit the number of orders we accept.

That's certainly a novel way of doing business: "We already have more orders than we can handle, so we're going to put up a web site to advertise our product to customers whom we can't service." Since the website didn't include a physical address prospective "customers" could visit, a mailing address they could write to, or a phone number they could use to order ManBeef's alleged products, one had to wonder just how ManBeef conducted any business at all, let alone business on a "personal basis."

If you wanted to "order" from ManBeef.com, you had to apply for a "membership" on their website, which brought a mail message asking for additional information and informing you that:

Once we have this information, we will run a background check on you. By sending in the above information you agree to allow us to have a background check performed. Because ManBeef International Meats can not legally sell any human meat product to anyone with a criminal history, we would like to ask you a couple questions now, before we begin a background check.

 At least this part was literally, if deceptively, true: They could not "legally sell any human meat product to anyone with a criminal history" because they could not legally sell any human meat product to anyone.

If you declared yourself to be a non-felon (and swore you didn't associate with felons), you got a message back telling you that a "background check" was being run on you. ManBeef got a bit backed up running those "background checks" though, so it wasn't advisable to hold one's breath:

There are currently ( 91 ) other persons scheduled before you for background checks. The background check generally takes 7 days to process. Your background check is scheduled to begin at the below date:

Schedule date: ( May 21, 2001 )

Once the background check has completed we will mail you a copy of our contract. After the signed contract has been mailed back to us, we will mail you the members packet. This packet includes information we do not give out on the website, such as toll free phone numbers for all ManBeef divisions, addresses for ordering and shipping, and special sales. Every packet also includes a 45 minute video tape titled "ManBeef And You". This tape covers the basics of human meat cooking, storage, and some interesting human meat tips and tricks.

Our "background check" date came and went, but we received nothing further from ManBeef — no contract, no information packet, no "ManBeef And You" video. What a surprise.

Note that the phone number listed for the Technical and the Administrative contact in the domain registration of this "international" company's website didn't correspond to the New York address given and traced back to a 16-year-old in Apex, NC, and that said 16-year-old's own domain was established with the very same registrar as ManBeef.com's. Also note that the Binghamton, New York, address listed in the registration was phony: ManBeef had no offices there, and county officials verified that they had no business license on file for a ManBeef International Meats. Eventually, the map showing Binghamton as the home of ManBeef's "regional headquarters" disappeared from the ManBeef.com website. What a surprise.

In June 2001, ManBeef's sole "employee" (and putative "President") finally confessed: "Soon we will be publishing some pages on our website stating that manbeef is in fact a joke."

Alas, that promise also turned out to be hoax.

Update:   As of 2005, ManBeef.com became a porn site and the hoax site moved to a different URL, though it didn't last long there either. Courtesy of the Internet Archive's Wayback Machine, you can still browse the original ManBeef site as it existed in 2001. Bon appetit!


Sources:

Bauder, Don. "OK, We'll Bite: Is Cannibalism Pitch for Real?" The San Diego Union-Tribune. 14 April 2001.

Killian, Teresa. "Unsettling Web Site Linked to Binghamton."
Binghamton Press Sun-Bulletin. 19 June 2001.

Perry, Charles. "Paging Dr. Lecter: Your Dot.Com Is Here."
Los Angeles Times. 18 April 2001 (p. H5).

Panafrican News Agency. "Newspaper Suspended Over Article on Cannibalism."
20 March 2001.

Updates

Updated Oct. 8, 2022.

David Mikkelson founded the site now known as snopes.com back in 1994.

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