Claim: President Calvin Coolidge’s son was killed by a poisonous dye in his black socks.
Origins: When President Warren G. Harding died unexpectedly of heart disease on
sworn in as President of the United States. Before long, rumors began to spread that Harding, whose administration had been marred by scandals both personal and political, had been poisoned, either by his own hand or by that of his vindictive wife. Within a year, a less sinister but equally bizarre poisoning rumor would attach itself to a
tragic death in the Coolidge family as well.
The strange death of such a prominent young man naturally attracted the attention of the nation. Before long a rumor began circulating (particularly among teenagers) that
How this rumor began is something we can only guess at, and no obvious explanations spring to mind. Obviously the public knew that whatever killed Calvin had something to do with a wound on his foot and blood poisoning, so perhaps the sock rumor arose because it seemed like a logical explanation to those who were not privy to the details of his injury. Or perhaps, as Morgan and Tucker suggested in their book More Rumor!, it may simply have been “the result of youthful anxiety about dress and appearance.” Either way, the claim may have seemed plausible at the time because some of the coloring agents commonly used by the clothing industry (such as zinc chloride, which was used to give socks a pearl gray color, and aniline dye, which was used to make shoe leather black) did indeed often cause serious inflammations when the unabsorbed chemicals came into contact with a wearer’s skin.
Last updated: 12 June 2014
Coolidge, Calvin. The Autobiography of Calvin Coolidge. New York: Cosmopolitan Book Corporation, 1929. Gilbert, Robert E. The Mortal Presidency: Illness and Anguish in the White House. New York: Fordham Univ. Press, 1998. Gilbert, Robert E. “Psychological Pain and the Presidency: The Case of Calvin Coolidge.” Political Psychology. March 1988 (pp. 75-100). Morgan, Hal and Kerry Tucker. More Rumor! New York: Penguin Books, 1987. ISBN 0-14-009720-1 (pp. 89-90). Sobel, Robert. Coolidge: An American Enigma. New York: Regenery Pub., 1998. ISBN 0-895-26410-2.