Fact Check

Did the Obama Administration Fail to Prepare a Pandemic 'Game Plan'?

Tactics and key policy decisions were laid out in a 69-page National Security Council playbook on fighting pandemics put together in 2016.

Published May 13, 2020

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The Obama administration left behind no playbook for dealing with pandemics for the next administration.

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On May 9, 2020, Yahoo! News reported that it had obtained a tape of former U.S. President Barack Obama talking privately with ex-members of his administration. On the tape, Obama reportedly characterized the Trump administration’s handling of the COVID-19 coronavirus disease pandemic as "an absolute chaotic disaster."

In response, U.S. Senate Majority Leader Mitch McConnell declared during an interview with Lara Trump  (President Donald Trump's daughter-in-law) that "President Obama should have kept his mouth shut" and criticized the Obama administration for supposedly failing to prepare a pandemic "game plan." That interview was broadcast live by the president's re-election campaign:

They claim pandemics only happen once every hundred years but what if that's no longer true? We want to be early, ready for the next one, because clearly the Obama administration did not leave to this administration any kind of game plan for something like this.

However, McConnell's criticism on the latter point was untrue. As former Obama White House Ebola Response Coordinator Ronald Klain stated in a tweet, "We literally left them a 69-page Pandemic Playbook ... that they ignored":

Back in March 2020, Politico had written about the 69-page pandemic playbook (titled "Playbook for Early Response to High-Consequence Emerging Infectious Disease Threats and Biological Incidents"), which was completed by the Obama administration in 2016:

[H]undreds of tactics and key policy decisions are laid out in a 69-page National Security Council playbook on fighting pandemics ... [R]ecommendations include that the government move swiftly to fully detect potential outbreaks, secure supplemental funding and consider invoking the Defense Production Act ...

“Each section of this playbook includes specific questions that should be asked and decisions that should be made at multiple levels” within the national security apparatus, the playbook urges, repeatedly advising officials to question the numbers on viral spread, ensure appropriate diagnostic capacity and check on the U.S. stockpile of emergency resources.

The playbook also stresses the significant responsibility facing the White House to contain risks of potential pandemics ...

According to Politico, the Trump administration had been briefed on the document in 2017, but it was not approved by the National Security Council (NSC) as Trump administration strategy, and one NSC official referred to it as "quite dated":

[T]he Trump administration was briefed on the playbook’s existence in 2017, said four former officials, but two cautioned that it never went through a full, National Security Council-led interagency process to be approved as Trump administration strategy."

An NSC official confirmed the existence of the playbook but dismissed its value. “We are aware of the document, although it’s quite dated and has been superseded by strategic and operational biodefense policies published since,” the official said. “The plan we are executing now is a better fit, more detailed, and applies the relevant lessons learned from the playbook and the most recent Ebola epidemic in the [Democratic Republic of the Congo] to COVID-19.”

Nonetheless, contrary to McConnell's claim, the Obama White House did indeed leave behind a pandemic playbook — as Ben Rhodes, Obama's former deputy national security adviser, also noted on Twitter:


Isikoff, Michael.   "Exclusive: Obama Says in Private Call That 'Rule of Law Is at Risk' in Michael Flynn Case."     Yahoo! News.   8 May 2020.

Levy, Steven.   "Obama’s Ebola Czar on What Strong Federal Response Looks Like."     Wired.   7 April 2020.

Diamond, Dan and Nahal Toosi.   "Trump Team Failed to Follow NSC’s Pandemic Playbook."     Politico.   25 March 2020.

David Mikkelson founded the site now known as snopes.com back in 1994.

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