Michelle Obama obtained a Juris Doctor (J.D.) degree in law from Harvard University in 1988, and as first lady of the U.S., she received numerous honorary doctorates, including one in law.
A J.D. is a professional degree, not a Ph.D. No evidence indicates Obama pursued coursework to obtain a Ph.D. in law after serving as first lady.
Michelle Obama may have accomplished a lot since leaving the White House in 2017, but getting a Ph.D. in law was not on her to-do list. A popular internet rumor that made the rounds in June 2020 claimed the former first lady completed her research doctorate in law after U.S. President Barack Obama left office and their daughters went to college.
Snopes readers asked us if this was true, and we found no evidence that she completed coursework for a Ph.D.
We know that Obama graduated from Harvard Law School in 1988 with a Juris Doctor (J.D.) degree, which is a professional degree required to practice law in the United States. One usually has to have a J.D. in order to get a Ph.D in law — also known as a research doctorate — which mainly prepares students for careers as legal scholars and teachers.
Obama was a practicing lawyer in the late 1980s and early '90s, but in her 2018 book "Becoming," she famously recounted hating the work. She told Oprah Winfrey:
I was like, “I can’t do this for the rest of my life. I can’t sit in a room and look at documents.” I won’t get into what that is, but it’s deadly. Deadly. Document production ... I’m just not happy. I don’t feel my passion.
Based on this recollection, it seems highly unlikely that Obama would have gone back to study more law.
She did, however, receive a number of honorary doctorate degrees, which are given to outstanding non-students. In 2013, while still first lady, Obama received an Honorary Doctorate of Law from Bowie State University. Such degrees are recognition of achievement, don't require completing coursework, and recipients don’t really use them for anything, mainly because such people are already so accomplished.
In sum, while Obama has indeed received degrees in law, including an honorary doctorate, she did not actively pursue or complete coursework for a Ph.D. in law. We thus rate this claim "Mostly False."