Fact Check

Did 5 Black Men Found Hanging Dead From Trees Die by Suicide?

A meme surfaced amid international protests following the death of a Black man in police custody in Minneapolis.

Published June 16, 2020

Updated June 29, 2020
Honesty Strickland lights up a candel during a vigil, around a makeshift memorial at the tree where Robert Fuller was found dead outside Palmdale City Hall on June 13, 2020, to demand a full investigation into the death of Robert Fuller, a 24-year-old black man found hanging from a tree, in Palmdale, California. - Protesters blasted city and sheriff's officials for quickly deeming it a suicide without exploring the possibility of a hate crime. Robert Fuller's body was found with a rope around his neck, hanging from a tree just before 4 am on June 10, 2020, in Poncitlan Square, across from City Hall, according to Lt. Brandon Dean of the Los Angeles County Sheriff's Department. (Photo by Apu GOMES / AFP) (Photo by APU GOMES/AFP via Getty Images) (APU GOMES/AFP via Getty Images)
Image Via APU GOMES/AFP via Getty Images
Investigators initially ruled that five Black men found hanging dead from trees in the days following George Floyd's death on May 25, 2020 died by suicide.
What's True

Three Black men were found dead hanging from trees in the in the days following George Floyd's death on May 25, 2020. In two of those cases, the initial manner of death was ruled as suicide. The manner of death in the third case is pending an investigation, but authorities suspect "no foul play."

What's False

A fourth male, who is Latino, was found dead hanging from a tree. This death was also ruled a suicide, and the family reportedly told authorities he was suicidal.

What's Undetermined

We were unable to find reports about a fifth incident similar to the other four cases. Social media posts likely mistook an older incident for something recent, such as the death of Titi Gulley in 2019, or mistook a recent gun death for a hanging, such as the death of Rayshard Brooks. 

If you or someone you know is experiencing a mental health, suicide or substance use crisis or emotional distress, reach out 24/7 to the 988 Suicide and Crisis Lifeline (formerly known as the National Suicide Prevention Lifeline) by dialing or texting 988 or using chat services at suicidepreventionlifeline.org to connect to a trained crisis counselor.

Editor's Note: This article examines the time frame between George Floyd's death on May 25, 2020, and the date of publication on June 16, 2020. This article does not include similar incidents that occurred after publication. The original article continues below:

In June 2020, as protests against racial injustice and police violence continued across the U.S. in the aftermath of George Floyd's death while in police custody, a Black man named Robert Fuller was found dead hanging from a tree in California. While local authorities initially ruled Fuller's death a suicide, the family of the 24-year-old urged authorities to open an investigation into the case.

Though Fuller's death made national news, social media users claimed that several similar incidents (of investigators declaring such deaths as "suicides") had also occurred in the days since's Floyd's death on May 25:

These posts appear to be referring to the deaths of Robert Fuller, Malcolm Harsch, and Dominique Alexander, three Black men who were found hanging dead from trees in the spring in 2020. Fuller and Alexander's deaths were both initially ruled as suicides. Authorities have reserved stating the manner of death for Harsch, but they have said that they do not suspect foul play.

The fourth death mentioned in this post is likely referring to an unidentified man who was found hanging in the Shady Acres neighborhood of Houston, Texas. While social media posts initially identified this person as a Black man, authorities later identified him as Latino. Furthermore, the man's family reportedly told authorities that he had been suicidal.

We have been unable to find any reports about a fifth death that matches this rumor's description. It's likely that social media users mistook an older incident for a recent one, such as the death of Titi Gulley in 2019, or mistook a recent gun death for a hanging, such as the death of Rayshard Brooks.

Below are details about each case.

Robert Fuller, 24, Found Hanging From a Tree Near City Hall in Palmdale, California, on June 10

Fuller's death was initially ruled a suicide, but Fuller's family, the local community, and the city of Palmdale are demanding more investigation. The Guardian reported:

The FBI and the California attorney general’s office will monitor the investigation into the hanging death of a Black man in the south of the state, in one of two cases that have resurfaced fears of lynchings during a time of racial tensions and mistrust of law enforcement in the country.

Robert Fuller, 24, was found hanging from a tree near Palmdale city hall in the early hours of 10 June. The county medical examiner labeled the preliminary cause of death as suicide pending a full autopsy. But the office deferred that decision after community members demanded a full investigation in a contentious news briefing late last week.

Malcolm Harsch, 38, Found Hanging From a Tree in Victorville, California, on May 31

As of this writing, an official manner of death for Harsch has not been announced, and the San Bernardino County Sheriff’s Department said his death is still an open and active investigation. From the outset, however, authorities said they did not suspect foul play. The local news outlet Victor Valley News reported:

The San Bernardino County Sheriff’s Department said foul play is not suspected in the death of a Black man who was found hanging in a tree in Victorville.

On May 31, 2020, at about 7 am, the Victorville City Fire Department was dispatched to the Victorville City Library at 15011 Circle Drive where they discovered 38-year-old Malcolm Harsch deceased nearby.

The Sheriff’s Department told VVNG that the death of Mr. Malcolm Harsch is still an active investigation.

Initially, Harsch's relatives said in a statement they were concerned that the death would be ruled a suicide and that they were alarmed by the manner in which Harsh was found:

"Our brother Malcolm Harsch died on May 31st. His cause of death has not been released to the family yet but we are concerned that his death will be labeled as a suicide, as this is what was communicated to us upon confirmation of his death on the morning of June 1st.

"Amidst the current racial tension and following the protesting the night prior to his body being discovered we were truly troubled to learn of his passing particularly of how his body was discovered. He is an African-American man whose body was found hanging from a tree!"

But surveillance video released to the family and shown to journalists by officials in mid-June appeared to confirm reports that Harsch hanged himself. Through a spokesperson, the family released a statement saying, “On behalf of the family of Malcolm Harsch unfortunately it seems he did take his own life."

On June 15, the FBI and the Department of Justice announced they were monitoring the investigations into the deaths of both Harsch and Malcolm Fuller.

Dominique Alexander, 27, Found Hanging From a Tree in NYC on June 9

The death of 27-year-old Dominique Alexander, who was was found dead hanging from a tree in Fort Tryon Park in Manhattan on June 9, was ruled a suicide by the city's medical examiner. The New York Daily News reported:

The death of a man found hanged from a tree in a Manhattan park has been ruled a suicide, officials said Monday.

Dominique Alexander, 27, of Kingsbridge Terrace in the Bronx, died by hanging June 9, a spokesperson from the city’s medical examiner confirmed.

On Monday, the victim’s visibly shaken brother, Keats Alexander, told the Daily News, “We are just trying to grieve.”

“He was definitely loved by his family and his community. It’s just so much," the distraught brother said, before refusing further comment.

Unidentified Man Found Hanging From a Tree in the Shady Acres Neighborhood of Houston, Texas, on June 15

While social media postings about this death initially identified this person as a Black male, the Houston Police Department reported that he was Latino. Foul play is not suspected, and the man's family reportedly told authorities that the victim was suicidal. The Houston Chronicle reported:

Houston police said they believe a Latino man found hanged early Monday was a likely suicide.

After the man's body was discovered in the Shady Acres community, a Huffington Post freelance reporter mischaracterized the victim on Twitter as a black male and questioned official statements on the likely cause of death. The tweet was widely liked and shared.

Responding to press inquiries, Houston Police Chief Art Acevedo tweeted Monday evening that the victim was a "Hispanic/Caucasian male, and described by his family as suicidal." Acevedo wrote that there were no signs of foul play and that evidence pointed to suicide.

A Fifth Death?

We have been unable to uncover news reports about a purported fifth incident. Some social media users suggested that the fifth hanging occurred in Portland, Oregon, or Atlanta, Georgia, but it appears that someone mistook an older incident as recent, or included the death of a Black man who was fatally shot, but not hanged, in the spring of 2020.

Specifically, the fifth death is likely referring to Titi (or Tete) Gulley, a black transgender woman, who was found hanging from a tree in Rocky Butte Park in Portland, Oregon, in May 2019 (her death was ruled a suicide, but her family believes that she was murdered), or Rayshard Brooks, who was fatally shot by police officers during an altercation at a Wendy's drive-thru in Atlanta on June 12, 2020.

It should also be noted that shortly after this article was published, the Harris County Sheriff’s Office announced that a Black teenager was found dead hanging from a tree near a school in Texas. An official manner of death has not been announced but preliminary reports pointed to suicide.


Rayman, GrahGill, Julian.   "Man Found Dead in Apparent Suicide Outside Store in Shady Acres, Police Say."     Houston Chronicle.   16 June 2020.

Rayman, Graham; Tracy, Thomas; Gomez, Raymond; Marcius, Chelsia Rose.   "Death of Man Found Hanged From Tree in Manhattan Park Ruled a Suicide: Medical Examiner."     CNN.   16 June 2020.

Vera, Amir.   "The FBI and Department of Justice Will Investigate the Hanging Deaths of Two Black Men in California."     CNN.   16 June 2020.

Victor Valley News.   "Sheriff’s Department Says Foul Play Not Suspected After Black Man Found Hanging in Tree Near Victorville City Library."     15 June 2020.

Ho, Vivian.   "Robert Fuller: Officials Vow Investigation Into California Hanging Death."     The Guardian.   15 June 2020.

Bynum, Russ and Ed White.   "Deaths of Black Men in Georgia, California Prompt Protests."     Mercury News.   15 June 2020.

McBride, Jessica.   "Malcolm Harsch: Death of Victorville, California, Man Hanging From Tree Raises Concerns."     Heavy.   15 June 2020.

Stenvick, Blair.   "A Black, Queer, Homeless Portlander Was Found Hanging from a Tree. Police Say It's Suicide. Her Family Disagrees."     Portland Mercury.   10 June 2019.

Carissimo, Justin.   "Who is Rayshard Brooks, 27-Year-Old Black Man Killed by Atlanta Police?"     CBS News.   16 June 2020.

Gross, Jenny.   "Family of Black Man Found Hanging Says Death Was by Suicide."    The New York Times.   20 June 2020. 


Update [17 June 2020]: Clarified claim to refer more specifically to hanging incidents that occurred in spring 2020.

Update [18 June 2020]: Updated to further clarify the time frame examined in this article.

Update [29 June 2020]: Updated with statement from Malcolm Harsch's family.

Dan Evon is a former writer for Snopes.

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