Example: [Collected via e-mail, July 2009]
EVERY AMERICAN SHOULD SEE THIS VIDEO
Then sign the petition:
Origins: The decade-long legal battle over the Mojave Desert Cross exemplified, perhaps better than any other case, that
The first Mojave cross was a wooden one erected in 1934, but Sunrise Rock, the site on which the current version of the Mojave cross (fashioned out of white-painted metal pipe) now stands, became federal land in 1994 as a part of the Mojave Land Preserve, which encompasses
Back in 1999, Frank Buono brought the Mojave cross to the attention of the American Civil Liberties Union (ACLU). The ACLU then contacted the NPS and requested the cross's removal on the grounds that its display on federal land violated the Constitution's establishment clause (because although the cross was maintained as a war memorial, its specifically Christian symbolism did not apply to all those whom it ostensibly represented, as not all veterans were Christians):
In March 2001, the ACLU filed a lawsuit in federal court on behalf of Buono, seeking to compel the removal of the Mojave cross. In July 2002, a
However, removal of the cross was again circumvented when
The ACLU argued that the land transfer was unconstitutional, and in June 2004 the Ninth
In February 2009 the Supreme Court agreed to hear the Mojave Memorial Cross case (Salazar vs. Buono), while the cross itself remained covered by a large plywood box as both sides prepared their cases for arguments. In April 2010, the
In April 2012, a settlement was finally reached to allow the return of the cross to the Mojave Land Preserve:
The site will be fenced, with entrances for visitors. A memorial will be erected explaining that the cross is on private land and noting it is a memorial for war veterans, according to the National Park Service, which manages the preserve.
Barnes, Robert. "Supreme Court Overturns Objection to Cross on Public Land." The Washington Post. 29 April 2010. Cart, Julie. "Lawmaker Seeks Land Swap to Let Mojave Cross Stand." Los Angeles Times. 18 October 2002 (p. B6). Edds, Kimberly. "Cross in Mojave Desert Preserve Barred." The Washington Post. 9 June 2004 (p. A19). Goad, Ben amd Dug Begley. "Mojave Cross: Settlement Ends National Dispute Over Memorial." The [Riverside] Press-Enterprise. 24 April 2012. Sanchez, Rene. "Cross Creates Desert Storm." The Washington Post. 9 December 2002 (p. A21). Savage, David G. "U.S. Supreme Court Takes Up Case of Cross in National Park." Los Angeles Times. 24 February 2009. Stohr, Greg. "High-Court Case Gives Religion Fight to Administration." The Philadelphia Inquirer. 24 February 2009. Welsh, John. "Ruling May Mean End of Mojave Cross." The [Riverside] Press-Enterprise. 25 July 2002 (p. A1). Welsh, John. "Cross Ruling Upheld." The [Riverside] Press-Enterprise. 8 June 2004 (p. B1). Desert Dispatch. "Federal Law Enforcement Investigating Apparent Theft of Mojave Cross." 11 May 2010. Desert Dispatch. "Anonymous Letter Explaining Cross Theft Sent to Desert Dispatch." 11 May 2010.