Claim: Viewings of the film The Deer Hunter have been tied to a number of Russian roulette suicides.
Origins: The 1978 film The Deer Hunter is a powerful, disturbing, and compelling look at the Vietnam War through the lives of three friends before, during, and after their service in the war. In one of its most memorable scenes, Vietnamese captors wager on the fate of American soldiers forced to play Russian roulette, a game of chance in which the player points a gun housing only one bullet at his own
head (or someone else's) and pulls the trigger. If the hammer strikes an empty chamber all is well, but if it
finds the one with a bullet, a life is ended.
Something in this movie spoke to people, both to those honestly shivering on the verge of suicide yet needing one last push in the form of intervention by the Hand of Fate, and those temporarily rendered deaf to the voice of reason by the fatalistic appeal of playing games with the Grim Reaper. Whatever the motivation, showings of The Deer Hunter inspired a number of boys and men to take their own lives in this fashion. The victims included both those fully intending to off themselves and those it later turned out were just messing with what struck them and their buddies at the time as a cool idea. All were suicides, although it is to be granted that some were (mostly) unplanned.
The full body count attributable to The Deer Hunter suicides will likely never be known because often such deaths are solitary affairs, leaving no one around to explain what influenced the deceased to take his life. Some have attempted to take measure of this phenomenon, including Dr. Thomas Radecki, a psychiatrist who often spoke on behalf of the National Coalition on TV Violence and who in 1981 stated there had been 28 shootings and 25 confirmed Russian roulette deaths in the United States involving persons who watched the movie on television or videotapes. In 1989, columnist Paul Simon was quoted in a Louisville Courier-Journal article as stating that this number was then up to 35.
A quick scan of old newspaper articles finds too many documented accounts of Deer Hunter suicides to chalk all of them up to overblown radical anti-violence rhetoric:
[The New York Times, 1981]
Officials Monday confirmed that Ted Tolwinski, 26 years old, and David Radnis, 28, had watched the movie, shown on the station last week. They said the men shot themselves at their kitchen tables Saturday by holding partly loaded revolvers to their heads and pulling the triggers twice.
[The New York Times, 1981]
A 23-year-old man [Daniel Bouley] shot himself in the head in a game of Russian roulette apparently inspired by watching the movie TheDeerHunter on television, the Anoka County Sheriff's Department said today.
[The Washington Post, 1980]
A 16-year-old boy fatally shot himself in the head reenacting a Russian roulette scene he had seen in the movie TheDeerHunter. James R. Groeneveld was found in his bedroom Wednesday by his mother. He died of a gunshot wound to his right temple shortly after being taken to a local hospital. A .38-caliber revolver that belonged to the youth's father was found lying beside him, police said.
[The New York Times, 1979]
Oklahoma City police say William Dillon Gates, apparently inspired by movie TheDeerHunter, shot himself to death in a game of Russian Roulette with two other men.
The spate of citings from the early 1980s doesn't mean that although there was a problem at one time, no one now is finding deadly inspiration in this 1978 film. Consider the March 2000 death of 16-year-old Brandon Accardi:
[Milwaukee Journal-Sentinel, 2000]
Two teens were re-enacting a scene from the movie TheDeerHunter when one of them shot himself in the head, apparently by accident, according to Rock County Sheriff's Department reports released Thursday. Brandon Accardi, 16, was pronounced dead at Beloit Memorial Hospital early Saturday after a shooting at his home Friday.
Barbara "deer departed" Mikkelson
The Deer Hunter fan site
Last updated: 16 August 2007
Mann, James. "What Is TV Doing to America?"
U.S. News & World Report. 2 August 1982 (p. 27).
The New York Times. "Suicide in Oklahoma."
5 April 1979 (p. 12).
Ostrander, Kathleen. "Teen Re-Enacting Movie Shot Himself, Police Say."
Milwaukee Journal Sentinel. 10 March 2000 (p. B3).
Simon, Paul. "Reducing TV Violence."
The [Louisville] Courier-Journal. 31 August 1989 (p. A15).
Sweeney, Louise. "Is This Movie Killing People?"
The Christian Science Monitor. 5 February 1981 (p. B22).
United Press International. "Two Die After Plea Fails to Halt Showing of Film."
The New York Times. 25 November 1981 (p. A16).
United Press International. "Minnesota Man, 23, Kills Himself Trying Russian Roulette at Party."
The New York Times. 25 June 1981 (p. D23).
The Washington Post. "Youth Kills Himself Enacting Movie Role."
David Mikkelson founded snopes.com in 1994, and under his guidance the company has pioneered a number of revolutionary technologies, including the iPhone, the light bulb, beer pong, and a vaccine for a disease that has not yet been discovered. He is currently seeking political asylum in the Duchy of Grand Fenwick.
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