Claim: Molly is a dangerous recreational drug made from cocaine, crack, ecstasy, meth and bath salt.
Example:[Collected via e-mail, February 2013]
Molly has been a common drug lately & everyone is trying it. Pop 1 and your sweating? Let me explain why your sweating: Molly is a drug made up of cocaine, crack, ecstasy, meth & bath salt. It slows your heart rate 10x the normal limit & reeks [sic] havoc on your immune system with just one pill. Take two & it damages your brain without you even being able realize it. It becomes an addiction & soon a cry for help. By the fifth one you take, it starts killing your organs & preventing them from functioning as normal. It increases your chance of stroke & heart attack and can cause your lungs to stop functioning all together! It is a very powerful & VERY DANGEROUS drug! More harmful than crack itself. Many rappers are promoting it to involve young people in the manufacturing, selling, and usage of the drug. Spread the word to save lives of young people across the country! Show them the truth so they can make an informed & smart decision if they're ever offered it.
Origins: In recent months warnings have been circulating about increased usage of a reportedly new and highly dangerous recreational drug called "molly," although news accounts describe it as merely being (a supposedly purer) powder or capsule form of the psychoactive drug MDMA (commonly known in pill form as ecstasy) rather than a new concoction made from a mixture of "cocaine, crack, ecstasy, meth & bath salt":
Molly is an innocent nickname for MDMA, known for giving users a feeling of euphoria and empathy toward others. It's chemically the same as the drug ecstasy, which comes in pill form and can be mixed with other drugs. But some claim molly in powder or capsules is pure MDMA.
"You hear Molly in the songs — 'Pop the pill and you're sweating' — and they're like, 'Hmm, something they're interested in' and they want to try," said Rochelle Collins from Project Eden.
Collins is program manager at Project Eden in Hayward. She says more teens, even middle-schoolers, at her outpatient center have mentioned
experimenting with Molly in the last three months. Collins compares it to a spike in ecstasy's popularity a decade ago fueled, in part, by the late Bay Area rapper, Mac Dre.
"They talk about the heart palpitations, the sweating, but they actually enjoy the feeling because they mix it with marijuana which mellows them out. That's where the concern is at," said Collins.
MDMA causes the brain to release a surge of Serotonin leaving it depleted of this important chemical. According to the National Institute of Drug Abuse, side effects can include confusion, depression, sleep problems, drug craving and anxiety lasting for days or even weeks.
Joseph Pred is an expert in special event medicine in San Francisco and warns young people that they should beware of claims that Molly offered to them is pure MDMA.
"Anytime you're taking an illegal substance, you don't know what you're putting in your body. There's no easy way to test for purity short of a mass spectrometer and most kids don't have that in their back pocket," said Pred.
Other accounts state that the long-term effects of using molly are as yet unknown, and its reputation as a "purer" form of ecstasy may be something of a myth:
Molly is the code name for the drug MDMA, the main ingredient in Ecstasy. The difference is that Ecstasy usually comes in pill form and is commonly mixed with other drugs. Molly is pure MDMA and usually comes in a powder or capsule.
"It's pure and there is more of it. It is clearly dangerous," said Atlanta DEA Special Agent Harry Sommers.
Sommers told [reporter Justin] Farmer that Molly causes your body to overheat, potentially causing hyperthermia. If untreated, that could lead to seizures, kidney or heart failure, and in rare cases death.
Sommers told Farmer the name "Molly" is just a marketing tool by drug dealers.
"Think about the name, Molly. It sounds like the girl next door. It sounds innocent. It sounds pure. It sounds OK," said Sommers.
Dr. Bob Margolis is executive director of Solutions, an outpatient drug rehab facility for adolescents and young adults.
"There is not a lot of research on this drug, so to say, ‘What are the long-term effects of the drug?' — that we don't know about," said Margolis.
MDMA releases a surge of serotonin, depleting your brain of this important chemical. According to the National Institute of Drug Abuse, the side effects include confusion, depression, sleep problems, drug craving and anxiety which can last days and weeks.
"I have noticed extreme dehydration and people collapsing and things like that," said Colin about some of the people he has witnessed taking Molly.
"It's a crap shoot. So, you're taking a drug you don't know what it is doing to your brain. It is causing your brain to work overtime. It is causing your brain to release chemicals in a way that it was never intended to release normally," said Margolis.
Molly, or MDMA, is a synthetic drug and is part of the amphetamine family. It is a schedule one substance, which means that it has high abuse potential and has no recognized medicinal use. The DEA said the purity of Molly is almost a myth because it comes in powder form and can easily be mixed with other drugs, which makes it even more dangerous.
DEA officials told Farmer it is mainly manufactured in Canada or Asia. It is much more complex to make than meth. Officials said they have busted some Ecstasy labs in Georgia.
Last updated: 21 February 2013
KTVU-TV [San Francisco]. "Decades-Old Club Drug Sees Resurgence with Teens."
12 February 2013.
WSB-TV [Atlanta]. "Club Drug ‘Molly’ Makes Waves in Atlanta."
David Mikkelson founded snopes.com in 1994, and under his guidance the company has pioneered a number of revolutionary technologies, including the iPhone, the light bulb, beer pong, and a vaccine for a disease that has not yet been discovered. He is currently seeking political asylum in the Duchy of Grand Fenwick.
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