Origins: Copyright is the exclusive right to copy a creative work or allow someone else to do so. It includes the sole right to publish, produce or reproduce, to perform in public, to communicate a work to the public by telecommunication, to translate a work, and in some cases, to rent the work.
You establish your copyright the moment your work is created and fixed in a tangible form. While you need not register your works with the United States Copyright Office to establish ownership of your intellectual property, you will have to register such items if you wish to bring a lawsuit for infringement of a U.S. work. (The fees for such service are laid out on this page.)
As to why to register your works if they are already under copyright from the moment of creation, the United States Copyright Office says:
The United States Copyright Office addresses the "poor man's copyright" thusly:
The practice of sending a copy of your own work to yourself is sometimes called a "poor man’s copyright." There is no provision in the copyright law regarding any such type of protection, and it is not a substitute for registration.
A creator could send himself or herself a copy by special delivery post (which gives a clear date stamp on the envelope), leaving the envelope unopened on its return (ensuring you also know what is inside each envelope in case you do this more than once). Alternatively you could lodge your work with a bank or solicitor. It is important to note, that this does not prove that a work is original or created by you. But it may be useful to be able to show the court that the work was in your possession at a particular date.
Brad Templeton's page about copyright myths addresses eleven other misapprehensions about copyrights. (Yes, his page is titled
Barbara "the write stuff" Mikkelson
|United States Copyright Office|
|Canadian Intellectual Property Office|
|Where Did Copyright Come From?
Last updated: 29 November 2009