Claim: The U.S. government planning to track homeless persons by implanting them with RFID chips.
Example:[Collected on the Internet, 2004]
HHS announces program to implant RFID tags in homeless
WASHINGTON (UPI) -- The U.S. Department of Health and Human Services
said Thursday that it was about to begin testing a new technology
designed to help more closely monitor and assist the nation's homeless
Under the pilot program, which grew out of a series of policy academies
held in the last two years, homeless people in participating cities will
be implanted with mandatory Radio Frequency Identification (RFID) tags
that social workers and police can use track their movements.
The RFID technology was developed by HHS' Health Resources and Services
Administration (HRSA) in partnership with five states, including
California and New York. "This is a rare opportunity to use advanced
technology to meet society's dual objectives of better serving our
homeless population while making our cities safer," HRSA Administrator
Betty James Duke said.
The miniscule RFID tags are no larger than a matchstick and will be
implanted subdermally, meaning under the skin. Data from RFID tracking
stations mounted on telephone poles will be transmitted to police and
social service workers, who will use custom Windows NT software to track
movements of the homeless in real time.
In what has become a chronic social problem, people living in shelters
and on the streets do not seek adequate medical care and frequently
contribute to the rising crime rate in major cities. Supporters of
subdermal RFID tracking say the technology will discourage implanted
homeless men and women from committing crimes, while making it easier
for government workers to provide social services such as delivering
food and medicine.
Duke called the RFID tagging pilot program "a high-tech,
minimally-intrusive way for the government to lift our citizens away
from the twin perils of poverty and crime." Participating cities include
New York City, San Francisco, Washington, and Bethlehem, Penn.
Participating states will receive grants of $14 million to $58 million
from the federal Projects for Assistance in Transition from Homelessness
(PATH) program, which was created under the McKinney Act to fund support
services for the homeless. A second phase of the project, scheduled to
be completed in early 2005, will wirelessly transmit live information on
the locations of homeless people to handheld computers running the
Windows CE operating system.
A spokesman for the National Coalition for the Homeless, which estimates
that there are between 2.3 million and 3.5 million people experiencing
homelessness nationwide, said the pilot program could be easily abused.
"We have expressed our tentative support for the idea to HRSA, but only
if it includes privacy safeguards," the spokesman said. "So far it's
unclear whether those safeguards will actually be in place by roll-out."
Chris Hoofnagle, deputy director of the Electronic Privacy Information
Center, said the mandatory RFID program would be vulnerable to a legal
challenge. "It is a glaring violation of the Tenth Amendment, which says
that powers not awarded to the government are reserved to the people,
and homeless people have just as many Tenth Amendment rights as everyone
else," said Hoofnagle, who is speaking about homeless privacy at this
month's Computers Freedom and Privacy conference in Berkeley, Calif.
While HRSA's program appears to be the first to forcibly implant humans
with RFID tags, the technology is becoming more widely adopted as
retailers use it to track goods. Wal-Mart Stores said last year that it
will require its top 100 suppliers to place RFID tags on shipping crates
and pallets by January 2005.
Origins: Despite public unease over the increasing use of miniaturized Radio Frequency Identification (RFID) devices to keep track of objects (such as a store's inventory) and concerns about privacy-related issues (including the notion that RFID devices could be used to track people as well), the U.S. government does not plan to
keep track of the country's homeless population by implanting them with RFID tags.
The article quoted above, which reports that the U.S. Department of Health and Human Services (HHS) is planning to implement a pilot program under which "homeless people in participating cities will be implanted with mandatory Radio Frequency Identification (RFID) tags that social workers and police can use track their movements," was an April Fool's joke posted to the Politech mailing list on 1 April 2004, whence it spread throughout the Internet, many readers being taken in by its journalistic prose and phony United Press International (UPI) attribution.
A number of embarrassed readers taken in by the hoax vainly tried to point to an HHS press release as "proof" that the spoof article was substantively true, but the press release dealt only with an effort to improve the management of data on the homeless and coordinate various
social agencies' filing systems, not any scheme to implant RFID chips in homeless people