Origins: Lightning ranks second only to floods in storm-related deaths in the United States. On average, more than
We know not to be outside when electrical storms are flashing through the area, or — if we are caught by surprise — not to seek shelter under trees but instead to crouch and take the wetting until the danger has passed. Yet as aware as we are of the peril posed by summer storms, most of us naively presume we're safe from those errant bolts from the sky when we're indoors.
Yet we're not. Not only have lightning strikes into the nearby ground sent massive power flares into the electrical and telecommunications wiring of proximate houses and flung volt-ridden jolts up pipes and into sinks and bath tubs, bolts themselves have come in through windows to fell occupants of domiciles. Although indoors is a far less hazardous place to be than outdoors during a thunderstorm, it is still not
In 1975 a lightning bolt hit a shed in Rhodesia, killing twenty-one people inside. That was the largest death toll from a single bolt. In
Even talking on the telephone during a storm is not absolutely safe. On average one person is killed by lightning while talking on the phone each year. Standard telephones (what are coming to be called land lines, meaning handsets that are plugged into outlets within the home or office) can be somewhat of a risky proposition during an electrical storm, as the wires through which telecommunications takes place can be hit by lightning, with the resultant electrical discharge instantly zapped through nearby handsets and data ports. Yet this danger is small and the number of such strikes relatively low. Even so, as thunderstorms approach, some people opt to unplug costly electrical appliances from power outlets (lightning strikes to power lines can send catastrophic discharge into one's TV) as well as uncouple phone lines from computers and modems. These same folk don't dream of answering their phones until the storms have passed.
But not everyone is that cautious, and some have paid a price. In 1998, a
In 1992, Dan Fulscher of Lincoln, Illinois, thought he'd been hit by a shotgun blast when a flash of lightning caught him while talking on the phone and threw him out of the room. His left side numb, his body covered in sweat, he spent three days in a hospital intensive care unit until feeling returned.
In 2001, a Boy Scout making a scheduled call to his mother from that year's National Jamboree in Virginia was jolted when lightning hit the nearby telephone pole. The victim, 15-year-old Charlie Wilson of Beaverton, Oregon, felt searing pain from his hand up to his elbow. He was treated at a nearby hospital and rejoined the Jamboree that same day none the worse for wear.
Though injuries are more common than fatalities in "lightning coming through the phone line" incidents, deaths have occurred in those cases too. In 1985, a lightning strike caused the death of 17-year-old Jason Findley of Piscataway,
In 1988, 22-year-old Laura McDowell of Montezuma, New York, was killed when lightning came through the telephone line while she was talking on the phone. She was eight months pregnant with her second child.
Although cell phones being struck by bolts from the sky would seem less likely, it can happen, although probably more as a function of the person using the phone's being the tallest thing around when lightning happened to flash rather than anything having to do with the phone itself. In September 1999, a sales executive in
Cell phones (and cordless portable phones) used indoors during electrical storms are perfectly safe because there is no wire through which the electrical discharge could travel. (The belief that lightning can "follow the radio waves" into a cell phone is completely unfounded.) And although some people feel cell phones pose a risk when used outdoors because lightning is attracted to metal (it's not — metal is merely good at conducting electrical currents), handsets generally contain insignificant amounts of metal.
Barbara "fatal attraction" Mikkelson
Last updated: 27 June 2009
Bessonette, Colin. "Q&A on the News." The Atlanta Journal and Constitution. 19 April 1999 (p. A2). Briggs, Kara. "Scout Survives Event Hard to Prepare for — Lightning." The Sunday Oregonian. 29 July 2001 (p. B1). Long, Kim and Terry Reim. Fatal Facts. New York: Arlington House, 1985. ISBN 0-517-63216-0 (p. 162-165). Narciso, Dean. "Lightning Jolts 9-Year-Old Girl on Telephone." The Columbus Dispatch. 25 August 1998. Richardson, Scott. "Man Recalls Day Lightning Struck." The [Bloomington] Pantagraph. 23 July 2001 (p. A3). Shaw, David. "Lightning Strikes Twice; Bolt Last Year Killed Daughter in Home." The [Syracuse] Post-Standard. 24 June 1989 (p. A11). Associated Press. "Phone, Lightning Blamed in Death." The [Bergen County] Record. 29 December 1985 (p. A29). The [Singapore] Straits Times. "Man Using Cell Phone Killed By Lightning."