Claim: Pins, needles, and razor blades have been found in trick-or-treaters' loot.
Origins: Unlike Halloween poisonings, many cases of tampered trick-or-treat loot involving the insertion of pins, needles, or razor blades have been documented.
To my mind, these cases constitute a different class of tampering than poisoning for a couple of reasons. First, the expected level of harm is severely reduced: poison is an attempt to kill; a pin in an apple is an attempt to frighten or injure. Professor Joel Best reported that he's been able to track about eighty cases of sharp objects in food incidents since 1959, and almost all were hoaxes. Only about ten culminated in even minor injury, and in the worst case, a woman required a few stitches. Compared to "eat something and die," a couple of stitches barely registers on the scale.
Second, the motivation for "pins and needles" tampering is different. As I said before, poison is an attempt to kill, but hiding a needle in an apple is almost always a prank, not a serious attempt to cause harm. (In those instances where such an insertion could be traced back to a specific person, it was almost always some kid intent on freaking out either his little brother or his parents or getting the community in an uproar as his version of a cute Halloween "trick"). Pranking (especially when it's a scary or slightly mean one) is part of Halloween, and the various kids or young adults who've tampered with treats most likely never fully considered the potential consequences of the joke prior to embarking on it. (When presented with a matchless opportunity to throw a scare into a pesky kid brother, who stops to think that Junior might get hurt?)
An incident that broke with this expected pattern occurred in Minneapolis in 2000, when 49-year-old James Joseph Smith was charged with one count of adulterating a substance with intent to cause death, harm or illness after it was determined he'd put needles in Snickers bars and handed them out to children on Halloween. A 14-year-old boy was pricked by a needle hidden in a bar he'd bitten into, but no one required medical attention.
As author Jack Santino noted in his history of Halloween, "pins and needles" rumors began to supplant "poisoned candy" rumors in the mid-1960s, and nearly all such reports of such rumors proved to be hoaxes:
In many cases, The New York Times story noted that "children were cut," but the more detailed accounts include suspicious details. In one case a boy came to his parents with an apple containing a razor blade. He had bit into an apple, he said, but not quite deeply enough to contact the blade. In another, the child said he found the blade while cutting out a rotten spot; in a third case, the razor was found when a child turned an apple over to his father for peeling. In all these detailed cases, the child was not injured, and because he was the immediate source of the apple, it seems possible that he was also the source of the blade. As Best and Horiuchi (authors of the Razor Blade) note, more than
1982. An awful year.
Barbara "pomme de terror" Mikkelson
Last updated: 18 October 2013
The Associated Press. "Man Charged with Putting Needles in Halloween Candy." Minneapolis Star Tribune. 2 November 2000. Gardner, Bill. "Man Arrested After Kids Get Tainted Candy." Pioneer Press. 1 November 2000. Santino, Jack. Halloween and Other Festivals of Death and Life. Knoxville, TN: University of Tennessee Press, 1994 ISBN 0-87049-813-4.