Claim: Donald Trump's father was arrested following a Ku Klux Klan-related altercation.
WHAT'S TRUE: A 1 June 1927 New York Times article named Fred Trump among individuals arrested after a "near-riot" involving the KKK and New York City policemen at a "Memorial parade."
WHAT'S FALSE/UNDETERMINED: Fred Trump was a KKK member or supporter; Fred Trump was charged with a crime in connection with the KKK event.
Example:[Collected via e-mail, December 2015]
I've recently seen rumors on various blogging sites that Donald Trump's dad, Fred Trump, was arrested in a 1927 Klan rally. The main article referencing this is pretty vague. The link is here:
Is there any truth to this rumor?
Origins: On 9 September 2015 the web site BoingBoing published an article that referenced an archived New York Times piece, reporting:
According to a New York Times article published in June 1927, a man with the name and address of Donald Trump's father was arraigned after Klan members attacked cops in Queens, N.Y.
In 1927, Donald Trump's father would have been 21 years old, and not yet a well-known figure. Multiple sources report his residence at the time—and throughout his life—at the same address.
To be clear, this is not proof that Trump senior—who would later go on to become a millionaire real estate developer—was a member of the Ku Klux Klan or even in attendance at the event. Despite sharing lawyers with the other men, it's conceivable that he may have been an innocent bystander, falsely named, or otherwise the victim of mistaken identity during or following a chaotic event.
A person answering calls at the N.Y.C. Police Department's Records Section said that arrest reports dating that far back were not available in any form.
BoingBoing included a copy of the New York Times article dated 1 June 2015, and the source material was available behind a paywall on the New York Times' web-based archive. That article reported a May 1927 "free-for-all battle" involving 100 policemen and 1,000 Klansmen in Jamaica, Queens:
The elder Trump's name appeared once in the article, at the end of a portion with the heading "Prisoners are Arraigned." Details about charges filed against other individuals were included, but Trump was said to have been "discharged" (with no further information about his overall involvement or lack thereof):
As BoingBoing stated, the information available in the article made it difficult to figure out whether Trump's father was directly involved in the melee, or simply a bystander in the wrong place at the wrong time. Others were charged with various counts ranging from felonious assault to disorderly behavior, but Trump didn't appear to have been cited for even minor charges. According to BoingBoing, New York City no longer has any information about arrests as far back as 1927, making it impossible to independently verify the original Times report.
On 22 September 2015, the New York Times published an interview with Donald Trump. A transcript of a conversation with Trump about the claim was prefaced:
Mr. Trump’s barrage of answers – his sudden denial of a fact he had moments before confirmed; his repeatedly noting that no charges were filed against his father in connection with the incident he had just repeatedly denied; and his denigration of the news organization that brought the incident to light as a “little website” – shows his pasta-against-the-wall approach to beating down inconvenient story lines.
A relevant portion of the exchange:
Q. Have you seen this story about police arresting a Fred Trump who lived at that Devonshire address in 1927 after a Ku Klux Klan rally turned violent?
A. Totally false. We lived on Wareham. The Devonshire — I know there is a road Devonshire but I don’t think my father ever lived on Devonshire.
Q. The Census shows that he lived there with your mother there. But regardless, you never heard about that story?
A. It never happened. And by the way, I saw that it was one little website that said it. It never happened. And they said there were no charges, no nothing. It’s unfair to mention it, to be honest, because there were no charges. They said there were charges against other people, but there were absolutely no charges, totally false ... Somebody showed me that website — it was a little website and somebody did that. By the way, did you notice that there were no charges? Well, if there are no charges that means it shouldn’t be mentioned ... Because my father, there were no charges against him, I don’t know about the other people involved. But there were zero charges against him. So assuming it was him — I don’t even think it was him, I never even heard about it. So it’s really not fair to mention. It never happened.
The author of the piece wrote that Trump revisited the topic "unprompted" and interjected:
And by the way, my father was not involved, was never charged and I never even heard this before. What? It comes out on a website and you are going to write it on The New York Times?
It shouldn’t be written because it never happened, No. 1. And No. 2, there was nobody charged.
Few records appeared to show that Donald Trump's father, Fred Trump, was indeed the man named in the 1927 New York Times article. However, records from that era are no longer maintained at New York City's record-keeping departments, and the information available in the article appeared to be the most comprehensive record of the incident.
According to the article, Trump was present at a "near-riot" in Jamaica, Queens, New York in May 1927. By the paper's count, at least 1,100 others were also in attendance. About a thousand Klansmen were also apparently at the rally when an altercation broke out, but whether Trump's father was in any way involved with that was entirely unclear. Numerous people were charged with a variety of counts following the fight, but Trump's father was not charged with anything at all.
While it's possible the elder Trump attended the event along with KKK supporters and Klansmen, it's also possible he was minding his own business in his own neighborhood, and found himself in the middle of an enormous brawl.
Last updated: 28 February 2016
Originally published: 28 February 2016