Example: [Collected on the Internet, 1996]
Origins: How long the belief a nude man sporting an erection can be found in the artwork of a pack of Camels has been with us is impossible to pin down. Did it begin with Wilson Bryan Key, the man who saw
Those having difficulty locating the nude man should place their mouse pointers over front legs of the camel on the image of a pack of Camels on this page while following this explanation from one of Key's books:
The furor over subliminal advertising began with the 1957 publication of Vance Packard's The Hidden Persuaders but did not really take off until James Vicary publicized his many claims about the power of concealed images.
Whatever hidden images — intentional or otherwise — that have come to be lodged in package design or product advertising have yet to be proved to have appreciable influence on consumer buying habits. Sex may well sell, but if the consumer's eye and conscious mind aren't picking up on the message, the message doesn't get acted on. In other words, all the penis-waving naked little men in the world aren't going to move the product if they exist only as practically undecipherable lines etched into a camel's leg.
Those who search for hidden influences have a tendency to read sex-related messages into just about anything. Forgetting about the drawing in question for a second, the one-humped camel itself has been quite seriously suggested by some to represent pregnancy, the one undeniable proof of a man's ability to get it up and get it off. That large, jutting, single hump, they say, is evocative of the belly of a very pregnant woman. According to that particular form of wisdom, by flaunting this package a man announces (especially to himself) that he's a right virile chap who has no problems pointing due North when the situation calls for it.
(Heaven knows what these same gurus would have made of a bactrian camel — would the two humps have been interpreted as jutting mammary glands?)
Pregnant women and virility theories aside, Camel cigarettes chose a dromedary as its symbol because the only ship of the desert available for sketching was a one-humper called Old Joe. Surviving photos of Old Joe compared against the earliest Camel ad (a drawing of a camel which simply announced "The camels are coming" but made no mention of what product was being advertised) show the artist took few, if any, liberties in rendering Old Joe's likeness.
Okay, that answers why the image is a dromedary as opposed to a two-humper — why name this brand of cigarettes after an exotic animal, the like of which most people in 1913 would not see with their own eyes during their lifetimes?
The brand came by its unusual name and romantic packaging due to that era's mania for all things Egyptian. The camel and pyramids were pure Egypt and thus filled with mystery, but it wasn't just the allure of faraway places which drew people
Compared to current cigarette pack design, Camels artwork stand out as unspeakably exotic. It is possible the speculation about the naked man on the cigarette pack stems from the comparison of the ornate look of the Camels' artwork to the austere and streamlined forms of other current brands. A pack of Camels, these days, looks far different from its neighbors in the cigarette rack at the store, but that wasn't always the case. Other brands no longer on the marketplace also featured ornately overdrawn images.
The introduction of Joe Camel in 1988 changed the direction of rumors associated with this brand. Many have commented on the shape of Joe Camel's head, likening it to a penis. Others see a penis and testicles or an act of copulation in that pate. Still others say Joe's nose bears a resemblance to a penis (some even noting it looks like "a smoking penis").
In interviews, Mike Salisbury, the creator of Joe Camel, disclaims any intentional resemblance between Joe's face and a phallic image: "People read all this stuff into it," he says.
Barbara "smoke signals" Mikkelson
Last updated: 27 January 2014
Dubin, Zan. "Joe Camel an Adults-Only Party Animal." Los Angeles Times. 1 October 1996 (p. A1). Key, Wilson Bryan. Subliminal Ad-Ventures in Erotic Art. Boston: Branden Pub., 1992 (pp. xvi-xvii). Thompson, Toby. "Pack Art: Wreathed in the Smoke of Dreams." The Washington Post. 8 November 1981 (Weekend; p. 22). Turner, Patricia. I Heard It Through the Grapevine. Berkeley, CA: Univ. of California, 1993. ISBN 0-520-08185-4 (pp. 101-102).